viernes, 20 de mayo de 2011

Comentario de Carl de Borhegyi

Carl de Borhegyi ha dejado un nuevo comentario en su entrada "Escritura maya e internacionalización de la UV":

The Late Classic Maya Vase (600-900 C.E.)depicted on your web page number K1185, is from the archives of the Justin Kerr, Maya Vase Data Base. This cylindrical vase in roll out form is from the Nakbe Region in Guatemala. The Maya scribe on the left holding a paint stylus in one hand and shell pot in the other, has an elongated head, reminiscent of the Maya Maize God. As a headdress he wears what appears to be an abstract bearded serpent with bifurcated tongue. A closer look however, reveals that the scribe also has a mushroom encoded into his headdress. This encoded mushroom may be an esoteric reference to an elite school of calendar priests who were skilled in prophecy and divination.

Maya centers were ruled by a priestly caste whose duties seem to have been obsessively concerned with astronomical observations and mathematical calculations. Maya calendar priests were typically known throughout Middle America as the "enlightened ones." The Aztecs attributed this divine enlightenment to a single god named Quetzalcoatl, the Plumed Serpent, who was the legendary leader of the Toltec empire. In the 16th century Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagun recorded in his Florentine Codex, a multi-volume compilation of priceless Mexica ethnographic information, that the Toltecs were, above all:

"thinkers for they originated the year count, the day count; they established the way in which the night, the day, would work; which sign was good, favorable; and which was evil, the day sign of wild beasts. All their discoveries formed the book for interpreting dreams." Through sacred mushroom rituals priests summoned the deities of creation to manifest themselves in the underworld where life regenerates from death." (Sahagun, 1969)

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Carl de Borhegyi

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